Science, Technology & Environment


Mathematicians use advanced mathematics to develop and understand mathematical principles, analyse data, and solve real-world problems.

  • Entry-level education

    Master’s degree

  • Job outlook

    1 2 3 4 5

What does a Mathematician do?

Mathematicians use advanced mathematics to develop and understand mathematical principles, analyze data, and solve real-world problems.


Work activities

As a mathematician, you would:

  • develop new mathematical concepts or rules
  • use mathematical formulas or models to prove or disprove theories
  • use mathematical formulas or models to prove or disprove the existence of proposed natural phenomena
  • apply mathematical theories or techniques to solve practical problems in business, engineering, the sciences, or other fields
  • develop mathematical or statistical models to analyse data
  • interpret data and report conclusions drawn from their analyses
  • maintain knowledge by reading professional journals, collborating with other mathematicians, and attending professional conferences.

Key skills and interests

To become a mathematician, you would need:

  • strong maths skills
  • highly developed problem solving skills
  • highly developed logic and reasoning skills
  • creativity and imagination
  • the ability to apply theories to create practical solutions
  • to be able to explain technical and theoretical concepts in plain language.

Working hours and conditions

Working Hours

In a full-time job you would work a standard number of hours per week. In a university setting, you may be required to present lectures or tutorials in the evening, and sometimes at weekends.


Mathematicians work in schools, universities, federal government organisations such as the CSIRO, and in private science and engineering research companies.


How to become an Mathematician?

Entry Level Education

Mathematicians typically need a master’s degree in mathematics, although there may be some positions available for those with a bachelor's degree. In private industry, mathematicians typically need an advanced degree, either a master’s degree or a doctorate.

For government roles, especially graduate roles, applicants need at least a bachelor’s degree in mathematics or significant coursework in mathematics. To get into these courses, you usually need to gain your senior secondary school certificate or equivalent. English and advanced maths would be appropriate subjects to study prior to university.

You can become a mathematics teacher by gaining a degree in mathematics, followed by the relevant post-graduate teaching qualification.


Job outlook

  • 1 2 3 4 5

Employment of mathematicians is projected to grow much faster than the average for all occupations.

The biggest area of potential employment growth for mathematicians will be in business, which will need mathematicians to analyse the increasing volumes of digital and electronic data.


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