Retail & Consumer Products


Bakers mix ingredients according to recipes to make breads, pastries, and other baked goods.

  • Entry-level education

    Apprenticeship or traineeship

  • Job outlook

    1 2 3 4 5

What does a Baker do?

Bakers mix ingredients according to recipes to make breads, pastries, and other baked goods.


Work activities

At a plant bakery, you would use machinery and production lines to manufacture large amounts of baked goods for shops, supermarkets and other large customers.

As an in-store baker, for example within a supermarket, you would use automated machinery to make fresh bread products to be sold in the store.

At a craft bakery, you would create a smaller amount of products to be sold in a shop, delicatessen or chain of specialist shops. This work would be more varied, and although some machinery is used, you may do much of the work by hand.


Key skills and interests

To become a baker, you would need:

  • a passion for food
  • good numerical skills for measuring ingredients, ordering supplies and working out cooking times
  • practical baking skills
  • creativity for developing new products or decorating baked goods
  • the ability to work under pressure
  • good organisational skills.

Working hours and conditions

Working Hours

You would usually work up to 40 hours a week over five days, with very early starts. Plant bakeries usually operate shifts on a roster system, including nights and weekends. As an in-store or craft baker you would also be expected to cover weekends.

Working Conditions

Being a baker involves a lot of standing as well as lifting and carrying trays and heavy sacks of flour, although lifting equipment is widely used.

Bakeries can be noisy and dusty. If you have asthma, an allergy to dust, or have certain skin conditions, you may find this work unsuitable.


How to become an Baker?

Entry Level Education

To become a baker you usually have to complete an apprenticeship or traineeship in Plant Baking or Retail Baking (Bread/Combined). Entry requirements may vary, but employers generally require junior secondary school certificate or equivalent.


Job outlook

  • 1 2 3 4 5

Employment of bakers is projected to grow slightly slower than the average for all occupations.

Population and income growth are expected to result in greater demand for bread, pies, and cakes, from grocery stores, bakeries, and restaurants.

However, employment growth of bakers will be limited as manufacturing facilities increasingly use more automated machines and equipment to mass-produce baked goods.


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