Trades & Services


Welders use remote controlled machines, or hand held tools to cut, join or shape pieces of metal and metal pipes.

  • Entry-level education


  • Job outlook

    1 2 3 4 5

What does a Welder do?

Welders use remote controlled machines, or hand held tools to cut, join or shape pieces of metal and metal pipes.


Work activities

As a welder, you would:

  • lay out the materials prior to starting the job
  • read and follow engineering blueprints and specifications
  • select which welding method is most appropriate for the task
  • cut, weld or solder metal plate and pipe
  • use appropriate equipment to test and check cuts and joins
  • operate hi-tech or specialist welding equipment.

Key skills and interests

To become a welder, you would need:

  • good accuracy
  • a high level of hand-eye coordination
  • high concentration levels
  • the ability to work unsupervised
  • good physical fitness
  • the ability to read and interpret technical plans and drawings
  • good numeracy skills.

Working hours and conditions

Working Hours

In a full-time role, you would normally work a standard number of hours per week, often on a shiftwork basis.


You may be in a workshop or be outside in places such as shipyards or on oil rigs, in all types of weather conditions. You might also work in specialised locations such as the top of buildings or underwater.

You would wear protective clothing and use appropriate safety gear including helmets, goggles, harnesses or gloves.


How to become an Welder?

Entry Level Education

To become a welder you usually have to complete an apprenticeship in Engineering - Fabrication Trade. Entry requirements may vary, but employers generally require junior secondary school certificate or equivalent.

Some welding roles require working at heights or in confined spaces. You may need to complete a Work Safely at Heights course or a Confined Space Entry Permit.


Job outlook

  • 1 2 3 4 5

Employment of welders is projected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations.

The basic skills of welding are similar across industries, so welders can easily shift from one industry to another, depending on where they are needed most. For example, as the automotive manufacturing industry declines, welders may be able to find work in the oil and gas industry.


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