Mining Engineer

Mining engineers design mines or methods for the safe and efficient removal of rock and minerals from the earth.

  • Entry-level education

    Bachelor’s degree

  • Job outlook

    1 2 3 4 5

What does a Mining Engineer do?

Mining engineers design mines or methods for the safe and efficient removal of rock and minerals from the earth.


Work activities

As a mining engineer, you might:

  • select locations and plan underground or surface mining operations
  • specifying processes and equipment that will result in the safe, economical, and environmentally sound extraction of minerals and ores
  • design, implement, and monitor the development of mines, facilities, systems, or equipment
  • inspect mining areas for unsafe structures, equipment, and working conditions
  • examine maps, deposits, drilling locations, or mines to determine the location, size, accessibility, contents, value, and potential profitability of mineral, oil, and gas deposits
  • select or develop mineral location, extraction, and production methods, taking into account safety, cost, and deposit characteristics
  • prepare technical reports.

Key skills and interests

To become a mining engineer, you would need: (GJG)

  • an excellent knowledge of the range of rock and mineral types
  • to enjoy technical work
  • strict adherence to safety issues and requirements
  • good analytical and problem-solving skills
  • good oral and written communication skills
  • good maths and IT skills
  • the ability to think and act decisively.

Working hours and conditions

Working Hours

Most mining engineers work full time. The remoteness of some of the locations in which mining engineers work may mean variable schedules.


Many mining engineers work in remote locations in Australia or overseas, under FIFO (fly in, fly out) working conditions. Employees fly in to their work site for the duration of their roster, before flying out to their preferred location when off duty. Mining companies provide high-quality lodging, catered meals, cleaning and recreation facilities for workers living on site.

On a mining site, you would wear protective clothing and must adhere to strict safety regulations.


How to become an Mining Engineer?

Entry Level Education

To become a mining engineer you usually have to complete a degree in civil engineering or mining engineering. To get into degree courses you usually need to gain your senior secondary school certificate or equivalent. English, mathematics, chemistry and physics would be appropriate subjects to study prior to university.


Graduates may be eligible for membership of Engineers Australia, and/or the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.


Job outlook

  • 1 2 3 4 5

Employment of surveyors is projected to remain neutral.

Demand for mining engineers is dependent on the level of activity in the mining industry. Currently there is some slowdown in new mines being surveyed and built, however new investment in mining resources such as tech metals means the industry will continue to offer opportunities.

However, mining remains a large industry in Australia, and there will likely continue to be a good number of available roles.


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