Geological Engineer

Geological engineers solve problems involving soil, rock and groundwater, and design structures in and below the ground.

  • Entry-level education

    Bachelor’s degree

  • Job outlook

    1 2 3 4 5

What does a Geological Engineer do?

Geological engineers solve problems involving soil, rock and groundwater, and design structures in and below the ground.


Work activities

As a geological engineer, you might:

  • examine maps, deposits, drilling locations, or mines to determine the location, size, accessibility, content, value, and potential profitability of mineral, oil, and gas deposits
  • prepare technical reports for use by mining, engineering, and management personnel
  • undertake site investigations for, and supervise construction of, major engineering works such as bridges, dams and tunnels
  • design structures in rock such as tunnels, basements and shafts
  • perform computer analyses, use computer databases and generate computer-aided designs.

Key skills and interests

To become a geological engineer, you would need:

  • engineering and technical skills
  • to enjoy working outdoors
  • a willingness to adhere to safety requirements
  • analytical and problem solving skills
  • good oral and written communication skills
  • aptitude for computing and design
  • the ability to work without supervision, or as part of a team.

Working hours and conditions

Working Hours

Most geological engineers work full time. Working hours may be variable based on locations and project timeframes.


Geological engineers are required to work on site, sometimes in remote locations.


How to become an Geological Engineer?

Entry Level Education

To become a geological engineer you usually have to complete a degree in engineering with a major in a geoscience or geotechnical engineering area. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your senior secondary school certificate or equivalent. English, mathematics, physics and chemistry would be appropriate subjects to study prior to university.

Graduates may be eligible for membership of Engineers Australia, the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, or the Geological Society of Australia.


Job outlook

  • 1 2 3 4 5

Employment of geological engineers is projected remain neutral.

Some of this growth will be in outsourced services businesses, as companies contract out more of this work, rather than employ engineers directly.


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